by Harold Hellickson
Originally posted January 6, 2011
About the author: A retired MBA, I am a former corporate ideologue and former 3rd party advocate. While a continued supporter of a 3rd party, I have concluded their efficacy cannot be demonstrated until our form of Government is changed to facilitate proportional representation. This will require an Amendment to the Constitution which Congress will not support. I am curmudgeonly skeptical of our democratic republic’s turn to plutocracy as its form of governance. As a member of Convention USA, I support an Article V States Convention for the purpose of Amendment considerations beyond the influence of Congress. My interests include ending our Government’s policies of war and empire, restoration of monetary, fiscal, and trade policy sanity, reversing the income inequality trend, and improving social justice, the seven major defects of modern day America.
Who rules America? Are conspiracy theories correct? Is there proof? How do we know? If no proof, is there a thread and are there patterns that logic might compel an answer?
The Merriam Webster dictionary defines conspiracy as (1) the act of conspiring together or (2) (a) an agreement among conspirators or (b) a group of conspirators. The significance of conspiring deals with legality as (a) to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act or an act which becomes unlawful as a result of the secret agreement or (b) to act in harmony toward a common end.
This article suggest that with respect to “who rules America”, perhaps in the eyes of some, a conspiracy does exist but if it does, it is neither secret nor unlawful nor wrongful; no more so than the Democrat or Republican parties are, recognizing wrongful to be in the eye of the beholder, by these definitions, conspiracies. This does not mean a non-conspiratorial “who rules America” is innocuous.
The author’s view is that which is legal, non-secret and in plain sight is not a conspiracy. There is no conspiracy when a herd of elephants moves together toward a common end to reach a watering hole.
The article will conclude the common end of “who rules America” is deleterious to American citizenry; that in our republic our national election votes are meaningless. The value of each vote and the accumulation thereof, is about equivalent to the value of the paper used for the ballot that, in former times, was used to record it. Moreover, national sovereignty is being eroded and may disappear.
The elephants in the room have almost always been in plain sight. Too many have and continue to refuse to see. There are two principles, that of power and privilege and that of truth and justice. One cannot be increased without diminution of the other. The elephants in the room are a small group of plutocrats of an extreme wealth class that control both the corporate world and the U.S. government, a class of power and privilege unequaled in history.
The U.S. is not a democracy. It was never intended to be one. Freed from a parasitic colonial aristocracy our nation was established as a republic which recognized certain inalienable rights for selected individuals while protecting their rights of property. We elect representatives to a class of power. For most, privilege soon follows. Public interests are suborned to private interests and in our system of governance, justice “winks” at “tit-for-tat” that would otherwise be quid pro quo in anything other than a legislative process. As a nation, we traded an off-shore parasite for an on-shore parasite for governance.
Constitutionally, government was based on the separation of power between the Legislative, Administrative, and Judicial branches. Constitutionally, the church was separated from government. Unfortunately, corporations were not. Ample warning has acknowledged this error of omission. To review some history:
Thomas Jefferson said, ” I hope that we shall crush in its birth the aristocracy of our moneyed corporations, which dare already to challenge our government to a trial of strength, and bid defiance to the laws of our country”.
Abraham Lincoln observed, ” I see in the near future a crisis approaching that unnerves me and causes me to tremble for the safety of my country, corporations have been enthroned and an era of corruption in high places will follow, and the money power of the country will endeavor to prolong its reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until all wealth is aggregated in a few hands and the Republic is destroyed”.
About his major crisis, he said, “I have two great enemies, the Southern Army before me, and the financial institutions in the rear. Of the two, the one in the rear is my greatest foe”.
Rutherford Hayes, noted “It is a government of corporations, by corporations, and for corporations”.
Teddy Roosevelt warned, “The citizens of the United States must control the mighty commercial forces which they themselves called into being”.
Woodrow Wilson stated, “Big business is not dangerous because it is big, but because its bigness is an unwholesome inflation created by privileges and exemptions which it ought not to enjoy”.
Franklin D. Roosevelt emphatically stated, “The first truth is that the liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic state itself. That, in its essence, is fascism – ownership of government by an individual, by a group, or by any other controlling private power”.
He finally fessed up, “The real truth is a financial element in the large centers has owned the Government of the U.S. since the days of Andrew Jackson”.
Eisenhower warned, “In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex”.
Justice Felix Frankfurter, echoing Benjamin Disraeli’s much earlier statement, “The world is governed by very different personages from what is imagined by those who are not behind the scenes” and advised, “The real rulers of Washington are invisible and exercise power from behind the scenes”.
Joseph Kennedy counted them, “Fifty men have run America, and that’s a high figure”.
Bill Clinton confirmed, not the number but, the fact, “By the time you become the leader of a country, someone else makes all the decisions. You may find you can get away with Virtual Presidents, Virtual Prime Ministers, and Virtual Everything”.
All the warnings and statements can be summarized in a single word, POWER. Money makes power. Power protects money. Power is what power does.
While earlier moneyed societies and organizations such as Freemasons and the Illuminati existed, for the purpose of this article, the thread of money and power relevant to “who rules America” begins in late 1800’s. A forerunner was the Rhodes-Milner Round Table. Knots on that thread include the American Round Table, the Federal Reserve System, the American Liberty League, the League of Nations, the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Liberty League, the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, the United Nations, the CIA, the “Chicago School”, the Business Roundtable, the Bilderberg Group, the Trilateral Commission, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Chamber of Commerce.
This, the 1st of a five part series concludes with commentary on the forerunner, the grandfather of modern ruler-ship, the Rhodes-Milner Roundtable and it’s domestic counterpart, the American Roundtable. Part 2 will pick-up on the second knot in the American thread, the Federal Reserve System.
The Rhodes-Milner Roundtable: Cecil Rhodes, founder of the de Beers diamond monopoly, drafted a program for world dominion by the British race patriots in 1877. Operating primarily in secret, upon his death in 1902, Rhodes left his entire estate to Lord Nathan Rothschild as trustee. Rhodes stipulated that his gigantic fortune be used by his disciples to carry out the program he envisioned. He also established the Rhodes scholarship awarded to numerous Americans later to arise in influence. While continued secret, Rothschild appointed Lord Alfred Milner to chair a further effort which in turn recruited a group of graduates and students of Oxford.
In 1909 this group founded the Round Table, the grandfather of all modern think tanks and manipulators of government. Amongst the original organizers was H.G. Wells, who, several years earlier, had developed a strategy for an organization of intelligent and wealthy men to promote their social and political aims. Literally “all were avowed elitists, intolerant of the cumbersome and apparently wasteful processes of democracy, who wanted to see England ruled by a superior caste ” (suggesting) that universal suffrage, putting power in the hands of the ‘riff-raff, was a disaster”.
Reflecting back on the Rhodes scholarship program, in 1951 the Chicago Tribune ran a series of articles on Rhodes Scholars. Quoting from the July 15 article, “Key positions in the United States department of state are held by a network of American Rhodes scholars. Rhodes scholars are men who obtained supplemental education and indoctrination at Oxford University in England with the bills paid by the estate of Cecil John Rhodes, British Empire builder. Rhodes wrote about his ambition to cause ‘the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire.’ The late diamond and gold mining tycoon aimed at a world federation dominated by Anglo-Saxons. His intimates have admitted the scholarships were established for the primary purpose of instilling ‘political bias’ rather than providing education.”
The American Round Table: Prior to his death, Rhodes expanded his prior British- only views “to federate the English-speaking peoples and to bring all the habitable portions of the world under their control”. Thus came into being the American Round Table. Early membership read like a partial li sting of Who’s Who in the Elite and included the names of Morgan, Rockefeller and Carnegie. Colonel Edward M. House, Paul Warburg, Benjamin Strong, Thomas W. Lamont (J.P. Morgan), George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson and Jerome D. Greene were also members. Much of its influence would be extended through five American newspapers; The New York Times , New York Herald Tribune , Christian Science Monitor , The Washington Post , and the Boston Evening Transcript .
Anthony Sutton of the Hoover Institute has written, “While monopoly control of industries was once the objective of J.P. Morgan and J.D. Rockefeller (who once stated “competition to be a sin”), by the late nineteenth century the inner sanctums of Wall Street understood the most efficient way to gain an unchallenged monopoly was to “go political and make society go to work for the monopolists” – under the name of the public good and the public interest.
In Part 1, the warnings of “who rules America” ruled out any conspiracy. It concluded the “elephants in the room” are clearly visible to anyone choosing to look. The thread of money and power relevant to “who rules America” was traced to the UK’s Rhodes-Milner Round Table and here at home, to the American Round Table. Other knots on the thread of money and power in America include the Federal Reserve System, the American Liberty League, the League of Nations, the Council on Foreign Relations, the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, the United Nations, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Bilderberg Group, the “Chicago School”, the Business Round Table, the Trilateral Commission, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Chamber of Commerce.
The Federal Reserve System, the League of Nations and the Council on Foreign Relations.
The Federal Reserve System (Fed): The importance of the Fed, as with The Bank of England, to be held in private hands, was best expressed by Meyer Nathaniel Rothschild in a speech to a gathering of world bankers in 1912, “Let me control a people’s currency and I care not who makes their laws.” Plans for a Central Bank in the U.S. were, by then, well developed. Having recognized how the power of government could be used to advance their own interests, members of the American Round Table backed Woodrow Wilson in the presidential elections and then controlled him through their front man, Colonel House.
The Wall Street crowd was generally referred to as the “money trust.” The suspicion of the “money trust” peaked in 1912 during an investigation by a House banking subcommittee which revealed that twelve banks in New York, Boston, and Chicago, had 746 interlocking directorships in 134 corporations. Rep. Robert L. Henry of Texas said that for the past five years, the nation’s financial resources had been “concentrated in the city of New York (where they) now dominate more than 75 percent of the moneyed interests of America …” On December 13, 1911, George McC. Reynolds, the President of the Continental and Commercial Bank of Chicago, said to a group of other bankers: “I believe the money power now lies in the hands of a dozen men…” Yet, the plan for the Fed moved forward.
Signed into law in 1913, from 1850-1913, The Statistical History of the U.S. reports real worker wages tripled in 63 years, prices declined and GDP growth exceeded 4%/year. In the last 63 years real worker wages increased through the mid-1970s but have remained flat for more than 3 decades. Annual GDP growth averaged about 1% less than during the prior period. What a dollar was valued at in terms of 1913 spending power is equivalent to a 2010 nickel. Productivity and wage increases slowed, prices and inflation increased. But, as Charles Lindbergh noted, boom-bust cycles would be more “scientifically created” through the inevitable consequence of excessive growth in bank credit.
The plan that would become the Federal Reserve Act was essentially that of Senator Nelson Aldrich, leader of the Republican Party whose nickname was ‘The General Manger of the Country’. His daughter Abby would later marry John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Secretly developed at the Rockefeller vacation home on Jekyll Island, other participants included Treasury’s A. Piatt Andrew, J.P. Morgan & Co. partner Henry P. Davison, National City Bank president Frank A. Vanderlip and Kuhn, Loeb, and Co. partner Paul M. Warburg and president Jacob H. Schiff.
Colonel House, President Wilson’s confidant without portfolio, assured the President’s 1913 signature authorizing formation of the Fed as an independent privately owned Central Bank. It was to be owned by twelve regional Fed banks which, in turn, would be owned by other private banks in each of the regions despite the fact of Thomas Jefferson’s earlier warning, “If the American people ever allow private banks to control the issue of their currency, first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations that will grow up around the banks will deprive the people of all property until their children wake-up homeless on the continent their fathers conquered”.
Colonel House, the Colonel was an honorary title, was the son of British financier Thomas W. House, a Rothschild agent who made his fortune by supplying the south with supplies from France and England during the Civil War. He will continue in evidence throughout his life at the interface of money and polotics.
Regarding the Fed, Wilson would later say in his book The New Freedom, “We have restricted credit, we have restricted opportunity, we have controlled development, and we have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated, governments in the civilized world – no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion and the duress of small groups of dominant men.”
Regarding these small groups of dominant men , much has been speculated regarding ownership and control of the Fed but the Fed remains mute on ownership. It can, however, be confidently asserted that with the Feds control of the supply and price of money privately in the hands of bankers, the interest of bankers, as recently demonstrated by the Wall Street bailout, would stand paramount. Further, those private interests than own the Fed today are, as indicated by Senator Richard Durbin in a radio interview in April, 2009, in control of Congress as well; “And the banks – hard to believe in a time when we’re facing a banking crisis that many of the banks created – are still the most powerful lobby on Capitol Hill. And they frankly own the place .”
Fed officials have revealed the nation’s central bank had, following the financial meltdown which began in late 2007, handed $3.3 trillion in emergency loans, no strings attached, to America’s wealthiest institutions. The loans, charged Bernie Sanders, essentially provided “free money” to the country’s biggest banks. Additionally 21,000 short term loans totaling $9 trillion were provided to private and Central banks in Europe and a host of international corporations such as Caterpillar, General Electric, Harley Davidson, McDonald’s, Toyota, and Verizon.
As regards the public today, it is, perhaps, little different than when Henry Ford, Sr. said, “It is well enough that the people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system for, if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning.” The fact that there was no revolution back then, or from Main Street today from those losing their houses through mortgage foreclosures, from those having lost their jobs and the “99ers” now without unemployment insurance, from college graduates that cannot find jobs, and from college students than cannot afford tuition is most probably a “Bernays function” later discussed in the section dealing with the Council on Foreign Relations.
Readers interested in learning more of the history and purpose of the Fed are referred to Edward G. Griffin’s book, The Creature from Jekyll Island as well as Eustace Mullins’ The Secrets of the Federal Reserve.
The League of Nations: Colonel House was President Wilson’s closest advisor during WWI. Having delivered the Fed to the banking establishment, he was later involved in the formation of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Colonel House worked on the presidents Fourteen Points, Treaty of Versailles, and the Covenant of the League of Nations. Regarding the latter, he served on a commission, along with Lord Milner (the same involved in formation of the British and American Round Tables) dealing with the transfer of territories.
While the U.S. did not join the League of Nations, thus reducing its influence, it is noteworthy that it was the first formal attempt in establishing “world order” and that both Colonel House and Lord Milner were associated with earlier Roundtable efforts. At that time Congress was unwilling to consider any loss of national sovereignty.
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR): The CFR was founded in 1921 by Colonel House at the direction of its financial backers. Patterned on the British Royal Institute of International Affairs, finances for the CFR came from the same players that set up the Fed: J.P. Morgan; John D. Rockefeller; Bernard Baruch; Paul Warburg; Otto Kahn; and Jacob Schiff.
The significance of the CFR’s role in both the Fed and government cannot be overemphasized. It is a political octopus with tentacles everywhere. At least 14 CFR members have served the Fed including two of the last three Fed chairmen. The current chairman, Bernanke, last addressed the CFR in August of this year in a speech entitled “Global Economic Integration: What’s New and What’s Not.”
Since 1921, thousands of CFR members have served in Congress, as Ambassadors, and lesser Administrative posts; senior positions have included 8 presidents, 7 vice presidents, 21 secretaries of war/defense, 20 secretaries of the treasury, 18 secretaries of state, and 15 CIA directors. Apart from these, membership is made up of Supreme Court Justices, Federal Judges, Wall Street investors, international bankers, foundation executives, Think Tank executives, lobbyist lawyers, NATO and Pentagon military leaders, wealthy industrialist, media owners and executives, university presidents and key professors, and wealthy entrepreneurs.
Currently, CFR membership exceeds 4,000. More than 150 of the largest U.S. and international corporations are members. The CFR touts that m embers have unparalleled access to world leaders, senior government officials, members of Congress, and prominent thinkers .
The implication of sordidness of and within our government is only now beginning. The stench of sordidness will become more evident in part 3 when discussion of the CFR continues and an attempted coup, an overthrow of Franklin D. Roosevelt, will be reviewed.
Earlier in parts 1, and 2, conspiracy theory was shown to be irrelevant to the question. The Council on Foreign Relations was introduced and the American Round Table, the Federal Reserve System, and the League of Nations were identified and discussed as knots on the thread of money and power.
Two particularly odorous knots, the conclusion of the CFR and the American Liberty League.
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR): Professor Carroll Quigley’s book, Tragedy and Hope, is based on his reported 2-year access to the CFR files. In it he writes the CFR believes “national boundaries should be eliminated and one-world rule established” by means of … “a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole” through ” “the growth of financial capitalism (which would make) possible a centralization of world economic control and use of this power for the direct benefit of financiers and the indirect injury of all other economic groups”.
As to goals, “The main purpose of the CFR is promoting the disarmament of U.S. sovereignty and national independence, and submergence into an all-powerful one-world government”, so stated Admiral Chester Ward who was a CFR member for 16 years before resigning in disgust. At the central core is a belief in the superiority of their own skill to form a world system in which enlightened monopolistic capitalism can bring all of the diverse currencies, banking systems, credit, manufacturing, and raw materials into one government.
James Warburg, son of CFR founder Paul Warburg, testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on February 17, 1950, “We shall have world government whether or not you like it – by conquest or consent.” Henry Kissinger, a leading CFR member in an article entitled The Chance for a New World Order wrote, “The alternative to a new international order is chaos.” On CNBC’s Squawk on the Street, with the financial crisis and Obama’s coming to office, he stated, “His task will be to develop an overall strategy for America in this period when, really, a new world order can be created. It’s a great opportunity, it isn’t just a crisis.”
David Rockefeller, in his 2002 Memoirs, wrote, “For more than a century, ideological extremists at either end of the political spectrum have seized upon well-publicized incidents to attack the Rockefeller family for the inordinate influence they claim we wield over American political and economic institutions. Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as “internationalists’ and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure – one world, if you will. If that’s the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it.”
A few years following the CFR’s formation, Edward L. Bernays, the father of public relations wrote, ” The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. … We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society. … In almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of persons … who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind.”
He would go on to say, “As civilization becomes more complex, and as the need for invisible government has been increasingly demonstrated, the technical means have been invented and developed by which public opinion may be regimented. With printing press and newspaper, the telephone, telegraph, radio and airplanes, ideas can be spread rapidly, and even instantaneously, across the whole of America.”
Regarding the print media, David Rockefeller is reported to have said at a CFR meeting, ” We are grateful to the Washington Post, the New York Times, Time Magazine, and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings, and respected their promises of discretion for almost 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a World Government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and World Bankers is surely preferable to the national auto-determination practiced in past centuries.
From Schiafly and Ward’s Kissinger on the Couch, “Once the ruling members of the CFR have decided that the U.S. government should espouse a particular policy, the very substantial research facilities of the CFR are put to work to develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new policy and to confound, discredit, intellectually and politically, any opposition”.
The Hoover Institution’s Antony Sutton has written, “While monopoly control of industries was once the objective of J.P. Morgan and J.D. Rockefeller (who once claimed competition was a sin), by the late nineteenth century the inner sanctums of Wall Street understood the most efficient way to gain an unchallenged monopoly was to “go political’ and make society go to work for the monopolists–under the name of public good and the public interest.”
The American Liberty League (ALL): Retired marine, Major General Smedley D. Butler was asked to organize the WWI veterans that had marched on Washington demanding immediate early payment of their bonuses. A coup was envisioned that would remove the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Major General Butler refused to cooperate and would later provide Congressional testimony that would implicate the ALL. The coup plotters were apparently unaware of Butler’s disdain for banking, business, government, and military collusion. In his book, War is a Racket, he wrote:
“I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street, and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902 – 1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916. I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents.”
The ALL was formed in 1934 to counter FDR’s ‘radical’ New Deal legislation; what historians call the ‘3 Rs’: relief for the unemployed and poor; recovery of the economy to normal levels; and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The main backers were the Du Pont family, as well as leaders of U.S. Steel, General Motors, General Foods, Colgate, Heinz Foods, Standard Oil, Chase National Bank, and Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. The BBC documentary The Whitehouse Coup, alleges that Prescott Bush, father/grandfather to the 41st and 43rd U.S. presidents respectively, was also connected.
Following Congressional hearings before the McCormack-Dickstein Committee, no prosecutions followed despite the committees’ report showing they believed Butler’s allegations. Some have suggested that FDR traded a no prosecution deal to obtain support for his New Deal programs including the Wagner Act to promote labor unions and the Social Security Act.
By 1940, the ALL had faded from existence.
The significance of the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, the United Nations, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Bilderberg Group to “the new world order”
Earlier in parts 1, 2, and 3, conspiracy theory was shown to be irrelevant to the question. The American Round Table, the Federal Reserve System, the League of Nations, the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Liberty League were identified and discussed as knots on the thread of money and power.
Part 4 begins with the next knot, the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference. The United Nations, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Bilderberg Group are also discussed.
1944 Bretton Woods Conference: Dealing with issues of currency and trade, delegates of 44 allied nations agreed to currency exchange rates in terms of gold. Agreements provided for the formation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), the General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (GATT) and the International Trade Organization (ITO).
Of these, the proposed ITO would have compelled loss of sovereignty in trade disputes. It failed ratification by the Senate. Later it would be revived however as GATT morphed into the World Trade Association (WTO). Convertibility to gold would cease in 1971 when Nixon unilaterally abrogated the agreement. Since, the U.S. dollar has served as the currency reserve for the world. China and other creditor nations hold the key with respect to how long this might continue.
Lending funds to countries with balance of payment difficulties is an IMF function. Additionally its capabilities include monitoring economic and financial developments and providing technical assistance to developing countries.
Following reconstruction and development in Europe, the World Bank concentrated on infrastructure needs such as port facilities, highways, and power plants in the developing world. Prior to loan grants, engineering studies to demonstrate repayment capabilities were needed. Repayment capabilities, however, were often fabricated.
Projects would be created with no chance of repayment. American international companies would benefit from multiple contracts. With project failure, debtor nations required more loans to continue paying interest. To obtain them required austerity and privatization programs. Foreign capital would rush in to privatize segments of the countries public ownership on favorable terms and the general population would be deprived of services, meager as they may have been even before.
As Major General Butler had previously “made the world safe” for U.S. banking and corporate interests, John Perkins has told us how these same interests have perverted the idealistic goals of the IMF and World Bank in his two books, Confessions of an Economic Hit Man and The Secret History of the American Empire: The Truth about Economic Hit Men, Jackals, and How to Change the World.
Of the former, Confessions, a reviewer wrote, “A fascinating insider’s view of how private multinational companies legally rob the poor of the third world, country after country”. Perkins writes, “They funnel money from the World Bank, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and other foreign ‘aid’ organizations into the coffers of huge corporations and the pockets of a few wealthy families who control the planet’s natural resources.”
Of the latter, The Secret, a reviewer wrote, “disturbing accounts of the American government wreaking havoc around the world in support of American business”. The author states, “They run our largest corporations and, through them, our government. They cycle through the “revolving door’ back and forth between business and government. Because they fund political campaigns and the media, they control elected officials and the information we receive”.
The United Nations (UN): Established in 1945, plans for it were developed by CFR members within the State Department who joined together as the Informal Agenda Group to assist President Roosevelt in post-war planning. Upon receipt of their UN proposal, FDR publically announced it the next day. U.S. delegates to the San Francisco founding meeting included 47 members of the CFR.
John Foster Dulles was one of these members. He wrote War or Peace. In it he wrote, “The United Nations represents not a final stage in the development of world order, but only a primitive stage”.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): The CIA has been called the military wing of the CFR. Growing out of WWII’s Office of Strategic Services, the National Security Act of 1947 established both the National Security Council and the CIA. Planning for the CIA had been earlier undertaken by Major General William J. Donovan. From the beginning overt and covert methods as well as subversive operations abroad were contemplated. A later Act provided for the secrecy and concealment of the Agency’s budget and spending. In his earlier life as a lawyer, Donovan was associated with and did projects for these earlier discussed prominent names in banking; the Rothschilds, Rockefellers, and Morgans.
Admiral Sidney Souers was the CIA’s first director. Both he and Donovan were members of the CFR. Since 1966, every CIA Director has been a CFR member. This includes Leon Panetta, the current director.
Earlier discussions related to Major General Butler and John Perkins provided insights into the U.S. role in making the world safe for U.S. business interests. In his book, Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions since World War II, William Blum relates the U.S, involvement in 56 foreign interventions and through 1995 in the overthrow of 28 foreign governments for similar purposes.
As a warning, “Don’t lean left; don’t make life difficult for U.S. business interests to exploit your people and your country’s resources, the CIA is here” should be inscribed on a brass plate above every State Department Embassy door throughout the world.
The Bilderberg Group (BG): So named for the Hotel de Bilderberg in the Netherlands where the first meeting was held in 1954, it sought to promote “Atlanticism”. Among the 11 Americans attending the first conference were David Rockefeller, Dean Rusk, and George Ball who was then head of Lehman Brothers. Denis Healey, a former Chancellor of the Exchequer, an original group founder and, for 30 years, a steering committee member, has said: “To say we were striving for a one-world government is exaggerated, but not wholly unfair. Those of us in Bilderberg felt we couldn’t go on forever fighting one another for nothing and killing people and rendering millions homeless. So we felt that a single community throughout the world would be a good thing”.
Much of the planning for both the Common Market (including its NAFTA counterpart) and the European Union (can a North American Union be far behind?) was developed within the BG. Daniel Estulin, a critic of the BG, has written they seek success in manipulating the public “to install a world government that knows no borders and is not accountable to anyone but its own self.”
Caroline Moorhead has written the BG is “an exclusive club, perhaps without power, but certainly with influence”. Bankers, politicians and directors of large businesses typically weight the attendee annual list of participants. Prominent BG American attendees include Henry Kissinger, Paul Volker, Ben Bernanke, Timothy Geithner, Donald Rumsfield, Rupert Murdoch, and George Soros as well as former Presidents Ford and Clinton. Former British Prime Ministers include Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, and Gordon Brown.
The BG is an exclusive extension of the British Royal Institute of International Affairs and American CFR’s while including prominent Continental Europeans.
The Chicago School: Beginning in the 1970’s, real wages stopped rising. Productivity rose as U.S. corporations replaced workers with machines and computers. At the same time these corporations were beginning to shift operations abroad to achieve higher profits on lowered wages. Also, they were hiring more women and immigrants at lower wages than being paid to the men. The reforms including those intended to minimize corporate size and minimize financial speculation achieved by FDR in the 1930’s, always fought against by banking, business and industry, were largely made ineffective by the end of the century. Additionally, tax relief, since, has been particularly favorable to the wealthy.
Considering that rising productivity increased both worker wages and owner profits each decade from 1820 to 1970, the national economic shift in income inequality is the greatest experienced in the lifetime of any current reader. For one and a half centuries, the American Dream prevailed. The ability for each succeeding generation to improve its way of life has been in decline for the past 3-4 decades. The 1970’s is when Capitalism Hit the Fan, or at least began to, according to the documentary of Richard D. Wolf, economics professor in the Graduate Program of International Affairs of the New School University in New York.
“Robber Barron” periods were, at various times and under various presidential administrations, constrained to the general improved condition of society. Cognizance of stakeholder interest beyond ownership, to including customer, labor, and community interests have, on the whole, worked to the economic benefit of the nation and its citizens. The philosophical shift to unconstrained free market capitalism is now engrained into the souls of business, banking, and industrial owners.
It is best explained by Milton Friedman of the “Chicago School” referring to the Department of Economics at the University of Chicago when, in 1970, he wrote in the New York Times Magazine, The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Business: “When I hear businessmen speak eloquently about the “social responsibilities of business in a free-enterprise system, I am reminded of the wonderful line about the Frenchman who discovered at the age of 70 that he had been speaking prose all his life. The businessmen believe that they are defending free enterprise when they declaim that business is not concerned “merely’ with profit but also with promoting desirable “social’ ends; that business has a “social conscience’ and takes seriously its responsibilities for providing employment, eliminating discrimination, avoiding pollution and whatever else may be the catchwords of the contemporary crop of re -formers. In fact they are – or would be if they or anyone else took them seriously – preaching pure and unadulterated socialism. Businessmen who talk this way are unwitting puppets of the intellectual forces that have been undermining the basis of a free society these past decades.”
When discussing corporate power, the power resides not in the corporation directly but rather in the hands and minds of the senior executives and principle owners. Evidence of this powers control of Government to the detriment of society at large is overwhelming.
Extension of this power through the Trilateral Commission, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Chamber of Commerce
This concludes the 5 part article. Part 1 warned of the danger that would accrue if powerful banking and industrial forces ran amok. Part 2 provided insights into American Round Table, the Federal Reserve System, the American Liberty League, the League of Nations, and introduced the Council on Foreign Relations. Part 3 explored two particularly odorous knots, the conclusion of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Liberty League. Part 4 relates to the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, The United Nations, Central Intelligence Agency, the Bilderberg Group and the Chicago School.
In part 5 the Trilateral Commission, NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Chamber of Commerce are reviewed. Each contributes to the diminution of citizens’ influence and, in the case of the Trilateral Commission, NAFTA, and the World Trade Organization to the diminution of national sovereignty.
Trilateral Commission (TC): Other than David Rockefeller, no one is more responsible for the TC than is Zbigniew Brzezinski. The two were associated through both the CFR and the BG. Rockefeller was interested in expanding the “Atlantacism” of the BG to include Japan. While Brzezinski believed in a one world government, he added that the aim to abolish national governments should be done subtly and quietly over the course of gradual regionalization, so as not to provoke adverse reactions from “the masses”. In his 1970 Book Between the Ages, he wrote, “people, governments and economies of all nations must serve the needs of multinational banks and corporations. (The Constitution is) inadequate … the old framework of international politics, with their sphere of influence – the fiction of sovereignty is clearly no longer compatible with reality”.
On this thesis, Rockefeller and Brzezinski cofounded the TC to coordinate the economic and other interests of the U.S., Western Europe and Japan. Other founding members included Alan Greenspan and Paul Volcker. Jimmy Carter was an early, but not a founding, member. Funding was provided by David Rockefeller, the Charles F. Kettering and Ford Foundations. A group of prominent political and business leaders from the three geographic areas initiated the TC in Tokyo in 1973 for the purpose of strengthening relations among the three most industrially advanced regions of the capitalist world. Since, membership has been greatly increased to include many more countries in both in both Europe and Asia. The TC meetings were scheduled biannually.
A TC task force report in 1975 includes the words, “managing the world’s economy”. Another report states, “The overriding goal is to make the world safe for interdependence by protecting the benefits which it provides for each country against external and internal threats which will constantly emerge from those willing to pay a price for more national autonomy. This may sometimes require slowing the pace at which interdependence proceeds, and checking some aspects of it. More frequently however, it will call for checking the intrusion of national government into the international exchange of both economic and non-economic goods.”
Senator Barry Goldwater wrote in his book With No Apologies: “In my view, the Trilateral Commission represents a skillful, coordinated effort to seize control and consolidate the four centers of power: political, monetary, intellectual, and ecclesiastical. All this is to be done in the interest of creating a more peaceful, more productive world community. What the Trilateralists truly intend is the creation of a worldwide economic power superior to the political governments of the nation-states involved.”
Holly Sklar, in her book, Trilateralism, wrote, “Powerful figures in America, Europe, and East Asia let ‘the rich’ safeguard the interests of Western capitalism in an explosive world – probably by discouraging protectionism, nationalism, or any response that would pit the elites of one against the elites of another, in their common quest for global dominance”.
Both Rockefeller and Brzezinski assisted Jimmy Carter win both the Democrat nomination and presidential election. The Carter Administration contained at least 40 TC and 250 CFR members.
North American Trade Association (NAFTA): The European Common Market, officially the European Economic Community was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957. It is the closest parallel existing to NAFTA.
Trilateral trade negotiations between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico, dating back to 1986, were concluded in late 1992. President Bush-41, Mexican President Salinas, and Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney signed the NAFTA agreement in San Antonio, TX. President Clinton favored NAFTA, obtained ratification from Congress, and signed it into law effective January 1, 1994.
While the future “trilateral cooperation” between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico remains unknown, the European Union (EU) which came into existence by way of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993 required member nations to dilute their national sovereignty. Intergovernmental decisions are negotiated within supranational independent institutions of the EU.
While the future does remain unknown, the CFR published an Independent Task Force report, which it sponsored, entitled Building a North American Community in 2005. In it, the Community would have boundaries “defined by a common external tariff and an outer security perimeter within which the movement of people, products, and capital will be legal, orderly and safe. Its goal will be to guarantee a free, secure, just, and prosperous North America”.
The CFR, of course, establishes plausible deniability of endorsement with its standard disclaimer, “THE COUNCIL TAKES NO INSTITUTIONAL POSITION ON POLICY ISSUES AND HAS NO AFFILIATION WITH THE U.S.GOVERNMENT. ALL STATEMENTS OF FACT AND EXPRESSIONS OF OPINION CONTAINED IN ITS PUBLICATIONS ARE THE SOLE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AUTHOR OR AUTHORS”, which the reader may choose or not choose to accept as truthful.
World Trade Organization (WTO): The WTO was established in 1995 superseding GATT which was established at the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. It acts as an international court to resolve trade disputes amongst its more than 150 member nations doing more than 95% of the world’s international trade. It is the first instance where the U.S. has ceded a sovereign right.
Supreme Court of the United States: The Supreme Court is mentioned because of its 2005 decision in Kelo v. City of New London and its 2010 decision in the case of Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. In the former, Government’s right of eminent domain was expanded from “for the public good” to include “for proposed economic enhancement”, meaning much of your property no longer enjoys the protection it enjoyed for almost 200 year.
The decision rendered in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission equates money to free speech allowing corporations to finance political activities through donations. Thus, corporate influence in political affairs, already overly strong, is now absolutely beyond control by citizens. Public Citizens documented the decisions impact on the 2010 national elections. Their report 12 Months After: The Effects of Citizens United on Elections and the Integrity of the Legislative Process, reveals the following:
“Spending by outside groups jumped to $294.2 million in the 2010 election cycle from just $68.9 million in the 2006 cycle;
Nearly half of the money spent ($138.5 million, or 47.1 percent) came from only 10 groups;
Groups that did not provide any information about their sources of money collectively spent $135.6 million – 46.1 percent of the total spent by outside groups during the election cycle;
Two ‘Crossroads’ groups formed by Republican strategist Karl Rove combined to spend $38.2 million, more than any single group. Next was the U.S. Chamber of Commerce at $31.2 million;
Of 75 congressional contests in which partisan power changed hands, spending by outside groups favored the winning candidate in 60 contests.”
Chamber of Commerce: The Chamber of Commerce masquerades as a champion of Main Street representing downtown merchants and small business when, based upon the fact that more than 80% of last year’s revenue was provided from donors who contributed $100,000 or more, Wall Street is closer to the mark. It is mentioned here for the same reason the Supreme Court is mentioned. As with Congress and the Administration, both institutions are growing closer to corporate interests and further away from the public interests of its citizens.
This concludes the discussion of the 16 stops along the yellow brick road, the knots in the thread that point to “who rules America”. America is ruled by a small group of plutocrats through their control and influences on the Federal Reserve System, the Council on Foreign Relations and the U.S. factions of the Bilderberg Group and the Trilateral Commission many of whose members overlap. Each is financed by succeeding generations of much of the same group that met in secret at the Rockefeller vacation home on Jekyll Island.
They pre-approve presidential and congressional candidates before the majority of Americans are even aware of their intent to run for high office. They largely direct the financing of the candidates’ campaign for votes. The probability of nominating candidates for the Fed or the Supreme Court whom they would not approve is nil. They are ever increasingly internationalists as opposed to nationalists, more dependent upon the world than the nation, more interested in themselves in the world than themselves in the nation.
Presidents are surrounded by people they recommend; advisors, cabinet and subcabinet members, and regulatory heads and agency members. Congress is owned by the major corporations representing finance, insurance, pharmaceutical, oil, chemical, agricultural, entertainment, media, and military interests, the majority ownership of which is in relatively few hands. This majority ownership by the few is evident from “investment assets” work by Edward N. Wolff, New York University who reported, in round numbers:
39% of all business equity is owned by the many, the bottom 99%. The top 1% own 61%.
38% of all financial securities are owned by the many, the by the bottom 99%. The top 1% own 62%.
While 61% of all trusts are owned by the many, the bottom 99%. The top 1% own 39% which, it may be conjectured, is more heavily invested in stocks.
Likewise 61% of stocks and mutual funds are owned by the many, the bottom 99% which, it may be conjectured, is tied up in retirement planning. The top 1% own 39% most assuredly invested to obtain the highest yield.
72% of non-home real estate is owned by the many, the bottom 99%. The top 1% own 38%. This is “Donald Trump Country” most assuredly not that of Bill Gates, Warren Buffet, nor George Soros who, it would seem, know better.
The net result for total investment assets is this, an even split. The many, the bottom 99% own 50% as do the few, the top 1%.
Unlike most citizens these few, of course, do not work for a living, they exploit. Again, Edward N. Wolff, “But it’s important to note for the rich, most of that income does not come from ‘working’: in 2008, only 19% of the income reported by the 13,480 individuals or families making over $10 million came from wages and salaries”. The ‘working income’ amongst the rich is believed to be primarily that of CEO’s and hedge fund managers.
More wealth is today concentrated in fewer hands than at any time in American history. Never has wealth inequality been higher. Ours is a plutocracy ruled by dominant plutocrats and their plutocrat friends and families; no more than 50 to repeat Joseph Kennedy’s assertion.
Our political system is based on the accumulation and protection of property, particularly that of the rich. Our political system is so tightly rigged the only way it might ever change is through its eventual failure; and all systems fail.
Credit creates money. The desire for money is insatiable. So too, therefore, is the growth of credit, the flip side of which is debt. Our political system will fail, as many others have failed before, by over extension of empire and inability to pay off debt except by hyperinflation or repudiation.
This thinking portends only one thing. As the previously stated the “unendorsed” CFR sponsored position paper, Building a North American Community envisioned, taking the FTA out of NAFTA and adding a U to establish the North American Union (NAU), a parallel to the European Union. The addition of Canadian natural resources and Mexican human resources to our own, combined with a new currency, may prove to be an acceptable alternative to the chaos resulting from the loss of homes, jobs, savings, educational opportunities, pensions, social security, and health care of scores of millions of U.S. citizens resulting from a complete economic meltdown.
An alternative to, or perhaps a predecessor to the NAU, could be a Fascist State, a Corporate controlled military dictatorship resulting from the chaos associated with a complete economic collapse of the United States, a not unlikely condition. Mussolini provided a model which the ALL in this country sought, but failed, unlike Hitler, to emulate. The extension of free market capitalism and empire cannot be sustained by continued increases in debt. Our plutocrats will continue to take rather than give.
Another possible alternative could be the formation of a political union of Canada, the U.S. and Great Britain. The inclusion of Australia and New Zealand cannot be ruled out thus moving the new world order one step closer to the dream of H. G. Wells and the Rhodes-Milner Roundtable, the discussion of which initiated this series of articles.
Mixed in with all of this is the real potential for resource theft by war in an attempt to save the American Empire. Iraq may have been a practice event albeit a failed practice event. Zbigniew Brzezinski, one of the chief geostrategic thinkers of the CFR, the TC, and the BG wrote of America’s imperial project for the 21st century in his book The Grand Chessboard: “It is imperative that no Eurasian challenger emerges, capable of dominating Eurasia and thus of also challenging America.”
He went on to bluntly state, the Central Asian nations are more important to America “as a potential economic prize” than are the “security and historical ambitions to at least three of their most immediate and more powerful neighbors, namely Russia, Turkey and Iran, with China also signaling an increasing political interest in the region”. Brzezinski emphasizes “that America’s primary interest is to help ensure that no single power comes to control this geopolitical space” except, of course, it be us.
To conclude, this series of articles was intended to demonstrate a consistent logic from the examination of the public record of 16 institutions that clearly demonstrate that, while citizens are ruled by Government, Government is not ruled by its citizens. Government by and for the people is a sham. National elections are meaningless. The U.S. is an under-developing nation. National sovereignty is eroding.
As wealth flows ever upward, as the U.S. under-develops to a third world country, and prior to its disappearance as a nation state, for the vast majority of U.S. citizens, the “American Dream” is dead except, as George Carlin says, “when you’re asleep”.
One way or another, the death of the “American Dream” is only a precursor to the death of the United States of America not only as we have known it, but as a nation state as well. There is a plan and you are not part of it.
Get used to it.